Automatic Mode – select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. It also lets you override flash or change it to red eye reduction.
Portrait Mode – switches your aperture to a larger one. This mode works best when photographing a single person.
Macro mode – amazing when shooting smaller objects. When using this mode try your best to keep the subject parallel.
Landscape Mode – almost the exact opposite of portrait mode in that it sets the camera up with a small aperture. Might also select a slower shutter speed in this mode.
Sports Mode – moving objects including people playing sports, pets, cars, wildlife etc. Attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed.
Night Mode – used for low lighting circumstances. The shutter speed in this mode tends to be longer in order to capture all the details of the subject.
Movie Mode – capturing still images to capturing moving ones. Quality is generally not up to video camera standards but it’s a handy mode.
Aperture Priority Mode – a semi-automatic mode which makes you choose the aperture and then the camera chooses the other settings. It is pretty self explanatory because it is a simple mode just for adjusting aperture.
Shutter Priority Mode – similar to aperture priority mode but is the mode where you select a shutter speed. This mode is where you want to control over shutter speed.
Program Mode – similar to auto mode, but it gives you a bit more control. It allows you to control flash, white balance, ISO, etc.
Manual Mode – full control over your camera and need to think about all settings including shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, flash etc. Flexibility to set your shots up as you wish.