JPEG – files are compressed quickly in the camera, and thus result in a loss of detail and quality. Levels of JPEG (e.g., low, medium, and high).
TIFF – used industry-standard file format, and is generally what print or publishers. Much bigger file sizes and longer transfer and loading times due to file size.
RAW – available on advanced compact cameras and DSLRs. Adjustments such as white balance, exposure, contrast, saturation, sharpness can all be altered in an image editing software.
DNG (Digital Negative) – file format created by Adobe to be used like RAW. It gives maximum security to the files.
PNG – retain all digital detail and allow for partial or total transparency. Designed in the 90s as an improvement for GIF file format, PNG files are ideal for use of the internet.
GIF – The quality of images is not being sacrificed and they also offer the ability to maintain transparency like PNGs.
BMP- large file sizes that save color data and provide a high-quality digital file.
PSD – this file type is what Adobe Photoshop uses as a default to save data the big advantage of PSD files are that it allows for manipulation on specific individual layers